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Julius Caesar - Analysis of Brutus
      William Shakespeare's play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, is 
mainly based on the assassination of Julius Caesar. The character
who was in charge of the assassination was, ironically, Marcus Brutus, 
a servant and close friend to Julius Caesar. But what would cause a 
person to kill a close friend? After examining Brutus' relationship to 
Caesar, his involvement in the conspiracy, and his importance to the 
plot, the truth can be revealed.

      Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Caesar, has a 
strong relationship with Caesar but a stronger relationship with
Rome and its people. Brutus is very close to Caesar. In Roman times, 
the only way for someone to get close to a person of high rank is if 
he/she is close to him/her. In many points of the play, Brutus was 
talking and next to Caesar. Brutus also loves Caesar but fears his 
power. In the early acts of the play, Brutus says to Cassius, "What 
means this shouting? I do fear the people do choose Caesar for their 
king...yet I love him well."(act 1, scene 2, ll.85-89), as he is 
speaking to Cassius. Brutus loves Caesar, but would not allow him to 
"climber-upward...He then unto the ladder turns his back..."(act 2, 
scene 1, ll.24,26). As the quote says, Brutus would not allow Caesar 
to rise to power and then turn his back onto the people of Rome. After 
the assassination of Julius Caesar, Brutus talks to Antony about 
Caesar's death. "Our hearts you see not; they are pitiful; and pity
to the general wrong of Rome..."(act 3, scene 1, ll.185-186). Brutus 
says that Antony cannot see their(members of the conspiracy) hearts, 
which are full of pity. Again, this shows how Brutus loved Caesar but 
cared for the life of Rome and its people more. This is the only 
reason Brutus would conspire against Caesar. For Brutus says to 
himself, "I know no personal cause to spurn at him...How that might 
change his nature..."(act 2, scene1, ll. 1,13) Caesar's relationship 
with Brutus is also strong. Just allowing Brutus to speak to Caesar 
shows his respect for Brutus. Caesar feels that Brutus is noble to him 
and does the right thing regardless of personal danger. On the Ides of 
March, as Caesar was assassinated, Caesar's last line is: "Et tu,
Brute?--Then fall, Caesar."(act 3, scene 1, l.85). This shows that 
Caesar would not die without Brutus' stab. Caesar realizes that there 
must be a noble reason for this assassination if Brutus was in it. 
This again shows how much Caesar respects Brutus. Brutus and Caesar 
both respect each other, but in different ways.

      Marcus Brutus had a very important role in the conspiracy 
against Caesar. He was the "back-bone" of the plan. According to 
Cassius, Brutus' main purpose in the conspiracy is for an insurance 
policy. The people will think, since Brutus is noble to Caesar, that 
there is a good reason for Caesar's assassination. Brutus will also be 
the leader of the conspiracy for another "insurance policy" for the 
assassination. Cassius is the one who declares this, "Brutus shall 
lead the way, and we will grace his heels with the most boldest and 
best hearts of Rome. "(act 3, scene 1, ll.135-136). Again, if Brutus 
leads the way, the people will think that the death of Julius Caesar 
wasn't such a bad thing. Brutus also declares to himself that his role 
in the conspiracy is to save Rome. He says to the people that, "If 
then that friend demand why Brutus rose against Caesar, this is my 
answer: not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more."(Act 
3,scene 2,ll.21-24).

      If Brutus was not in the plot of The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, 
the conspiracy would probably not have worked. Since Brutus "...loved 
Rome more."(Act 3,scene2, ll.23-24), he decided to be a part of the 
conspiracy. If he hadn't loved Rome more than Caesar, he would not 
have joined in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Cassius and the 
rest of the conspirators would probably not have continued on without 
Brutus because they would have no "insurance" afterwards. The people 
would think that there was no reason for Caesar's death and most 
likely beheaded all the conspirators. Also, if Brutus was not in the 
play, the whole end of the play would not ever occur. Brutus would not 
be there to have an army or kill himself, and Cassius will already be
beheaded. If Brutus was not in the play, the title would have 
absolutely no meaning.

      Marcus Brutus was a good friend to Julius Caesar, but not good 
enough. He had moral values dealing with Rome and its people. Brutus' 
values then made him join a conspiracy against Caesar put together by 
Cassius. Brutus joined this mainly because he didn't want Caesar to 
turn his back on Rome so there would be a reasonable reason for 
killing Caesar. If Brutus wasn't in the play, there would be no 
"Tragedy" in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. 

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